Parts of a Camping Tent [The Guide]

Parts of a Camping Tent [The Guide]
three tent are set on a hilly area

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If you have gone to the campsite you may tell by looking at the pitchers which ones are experienced campers and which ones are new ones.

Many people do not know the name of different parts of a tent and for what they are meant for.

So, we in this article bring to you the information regarding different parts of the tent.

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Parts of a tent

1. Vestibule / Porch

All family tents and car camping have a large porch. Even backpacking tents can also have a small porch area.

You can store different things or gear in this free place so that there can be space in the sleeping area. You can also cook and eat food at this place.


2. Outer Tent / Rain Fly

A rain fly is a layer of tough fabric that is placed over the top of the inner tent, where there is a gap in between.

It is helpful to keep water out from the tent. Rainfly can also act as a windproof.

Further Reading: 15 TYPES OF CAMPING TENTS


3. Inner Tent

The inner tent is usually found underneath a rain fly. They are either clipped to the poles or clipped to the fabric of the rain fly.

The inner tent is generally not made up of waterproof material. They create an area for sleeping which is separated from the pouch of the tent.


4. Pole Hub

Pole hub is the central configuration, that connects into one central spot. They can be either permanently attached or collapsible to the central fixing.

This central fixing is known as pole hub. It can be disconnected from the central fixing too.


5. Guy lines

Guy lines are also called Guy ropes that are staked to the ground which ensures that the tent stands in windy conditions.

They are also important to create tension across the outer fabric of the tent to prevent rainwater to pool in shaggy areas. They are used to fix the outer main tent or flysheet through metal or a plastic ring.

This is often attached to a rubber ring which acts as a shock absorber. Guy lines have an adjustable mechanism that allows campers to tighten and loosen the tent when needed.

They generally follow the lines of the seams of the tent which gives the tent a stable structure, and they do not cross each other.

You can position the adjusting slider by which you can make room to make guy lines longer or shorter whenever needed.

Remember that the braided guy lines can fray sometimes. They can be heat sealed, for this, you have to touch the ends of it in the flame and roll it between the thumb and finger.

Take precaution when doing this as molten nylon can stick to the skin and could burn it.

Today’s modern guy ropes are made up of synthetic cord that shouldn’t shrink or slacken as they get wet or dry.


6. Pegs / Stakes

Pegs are used to attached the tent securely to the ground. It comes in all different shapes and sizes.

Most of the tents have simple steel hooked pins. These are suitable for firm ground and moderate weather.

On odd days you may find high wind which will push and pull the tent. The ground on which the tent is pitched may range from soft and sandy to hard and rocky.

There is a range of pegs available that will suit for different grounds and wind conditions by using a few spares.

The different kinds of pegs are:

1. Steel pegs

Steel pegs are the heaviest type of pegs but they are useful as they are also the strongest. Pegs that are pressed from the sheet can provide a better hold in the ground than a thin steel pin.

You should watch for sharp edges while pulling the steel pegs out of the ground.

Hardened steel pegs that look like long masonry nails are useful for hard or stony ground.

2. Plastic Pegs

Plastic pegs are lightweight and are cheap. They have a greater cross-sectional area which provides greater resistance to pull it out when the wind is strong. They are a little bulky as well.

You should avoid very cheap ones as they can break very easily.

3. Alloy Pegs

Lightweight campers usually like alloy pegs which are made up of lightweight alloy. They are not very useful for hard ground.

4. Titanium Pegs

These pegs are costly and are often found with top range lightweight tents.

You can carry tiny pegs but they cannot last enough in extreme conditions. This is because they are not long enough or do not have a sufficient cross-section.

5. Screw Pegs

Screw pegs are made from steel and plastic. They are expensive and even bulkier than the normal pegs.

You can screw it into the ground by using a small hand grip or an electric drill.

They are strong enough to provide a better grip on soft grounds and are useful for stormy weather.

6. Biodegradable Pegs

They are good for the livestock and the agricultural machinery on farms as metal pegs left by a camper can cause damage to them.

You can reuse biodegradable pegs but if you accidentally left them in the ground they will begin to break down by microbes within weeks.

They are made up of biodegradable material such as wheat and potatoes.


7. Gear Loft

In some tent, you can find extra space near the ceiling by having a small shelf where you can keep some small gear or items.


8. Storage Pocket  

In most of the tent, you may find a storage pocket that is attached to the inner tent. You can keep useful things in them so that your tent may become more organized.


9. Groundsheet

This is the part of a tent that remains in contact with the ground. They are generally made up of waterproof material which is often highly durable. This is one of the important camping tent parts.

Lightweight tents can have a light groundsheet. In most cases, you will find groundsheet integrated into the inner tent. Most of the rain fly could have a detachable groundsheet.

You could find separate groundsheets in camping stores. You can opt for light ones as it is good for the grass. It is not suitable for the sleeping area, but you can use them in your porches, living area, trailer tents, and folding campers.


10. Footprint

If you don’t have durable or waterproof groundsheets then you may use footprint too. They are also groundsheets but much thinner than those.


11. Vent

Vents are essential for the tent. They are usually in the rain fly as well in the inner tent.

They are useful for air ventilation as it is needed for internal condensation. During hot weather, they become extremely important.


12. Mesh Door

It is an essential part of camping if you are camping where bugs and insects are in abundance. They are generally lightweight and are often an important item for campers.


13. Tent Divider

Tent divider is often found in bigger tents such as for 3 or more people. They are useful in maintaining privacy.

They are generally made up of light fabric and are simply hooked into the ceiling of the tent.


14. Internal Gear Hooks

You will find gear hook in many places of the tent such as inner tent and rain fly. They are useful in hanging clothes to dry. You can also hook lighting or a lantern up in the ceiling area.


15. Door Tie Backs

Most of the tents have door tie-backs which is useful in keeping the door open. There are a simple toggle and loop that can be rolled up the door.


16. Pole Attachment Points

Depending upon the design of the tent you may find a point from where the end of the pole is attached to either the outer or the inner tent.


17. Storm Flap

On the outer tent doors, you may find a zip which usually has a strip of fabric. This can be folded over the zip to prevent water and wind from coming inside through the teeth of the zip.

These storm flaps are very much secured at the base by a Velcro tab which keeps them in place.


18. Pole clip

These pole clips are useful to attach the pole to either the inner tent or to the outer tent. This can vary due to tents’ design and are necessary to secure the tent.  


Tent material

A tent is basically made from three types of materials, they are:

1. Polyester or man-made nylon

Most of the tent is made from polyester as it is lightweight, durable, and cheaper than other fabrics.


  1. Cheaper
  2. Lighter in weight
  3. Dries quickly
  4. Need less maintenance


  1. Bad insulator of heat
  2. Not naturally breathable
  3. Loses color over time in exposure to the sunlight

2. Cotton and canvas tent

Historically canvas is the material used in tents because of the good properties.


  1. Good insulator
  2. Breathable fabric
  3. More resistant to sunlight


  1. Heavy and bulky
  2. Need more care and maintenance
  3. Costlier than polyester

3. Poly-cotton

Poly-cottons are like a hybrid of cotton and polyester, they are made from cotton and polyester both.


Wrapping Up

You should know about the different parts of the tent and features of the tent not only to set the tent properly but also to know what you do and don’t need out of your tent. By this time you must be aware of the tent parts names.

This is important for purchasing purposes too as you can know why something is necessary.


Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. What is a tent door called?

A1. A tent door is called Vestibul, it is the unscreened covering generally the front one. It can be used to have dry storage outside the main tent when needed. make sure to use it under the rainfly to avoid water.

Q2. What is the fly on a tent?

A2. Fly is the outer layer of the tent it is generally strung up by a rope. It is a floorless, waterproof outer layer of a double layer tent. It is used to keep the rain away from the tent.

Q3. Why do people make tent houses?

A3. A tent house is a temporary shelter that is made by using some sort of fabric. Nomads make these temporary shelters and called them portable homes. Tents are also made in emergencies such as natural calamities, war, and fire. When people go out camping they use these tent houses as a temporary shelter.

Q4. What's another word for a tent?

A4. Other words or synonyms of the tent are canvas, shelter, covering, cover, tarpaulin, and canopy.

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